Different Ways to Dig a Water Well

Home Improvement

Right now, the majority of people live in cities with municipal water service. When the tap is turned, the water comes out. Many people live in more rural areas who rely on groundwater. This is more common in areas with little surface water, such as in arid and semi-arid climates. Those moving out of the cities may want to know about how water wells are dug.


The modern way to dig a water well El Campo is by drilling. This involves equipment that is complicated and expensive. Water well drilling equipment is large and heavy, requiring them to be mounted on large trucks. Drilling is a combination of percussion to smash rock and bits that gnaw away at the rock. A drilled well can be as deep as 1,000 feet and requires special protective materials to keep the groundwater safe from the surface water.


Digging a hole deep enough to reach groundwater by using simple tools is one of the oldest ways to dig a water well. One method is using a shovel, but there are many other methods such as sludging, drive pointing, hand drilling, and manual percussion drilling. Hand-dug wells are inexpensive and under 100 feet deep. Sludging is safer but only works in silt and sand. Manual percussion drilling is a bit more complex but can reach depths of 230 feet or deeper. Using a steel drive point is a simple method but only works in loose sand where the water table is high. Hand drilling is typically used to take soil samples, but it can be used to dig shallow wells.

Digging underground for water is something humans have been doing for millennia. While many people may never encounter a water well, for those who do, it may be helpful to know how the well was dug.